Presenter(s): Presenter(s): Aaron Wright, Archaeology Southwest; Maren Hopkins, Anthropological Research, LLC; Lorey Cachora, Fort Yuma Quechan Indian Tribe

The establishment of Gold Butte and Bears Ears National Monuments heralds a new era of tribal involvement in creating and managing landscape-scale national monuments in the American West. In southern Arizona, eight tribes—each of which is culturally and historically associated with the lower Gila River—have formally endorsed a Great Bend of the Gila National Monument (GBGNM). In recognition of their ancestral ties and interest in preserving this landscape, Congressman Raúl Grijalva’s recent legislation to establish the GBGNM calls for a 26-person advisory board, with at least half the seats reserved for tribal representatives. This allows for direct tribal involvement in designing and implementing the monument’s resource management plan. This session reviews the history of tribal collaboration on the GBGNM effort, overviews each tribe’s connection to this landscape, and contrasts this approach with the tribal consultation responsibilities stipulated by the Section 106 review process. The session details efforts to preserve a natural landscape to which many tribes are culturally associated. The session also emphasizes “our,” with respect to diversity of presenters (female, male, Anglo, Native American, non-profit, for-profit, and tribal).

Presenter(s): Philip Weddle, Weddle Gilmore Black Rock Studio; Jody Crago, City of Chandler; Dan Clevenger, Arizona State University

As the home of the Chandler Museum, the historic McCullough-Price House has strained to support a program that goes well beyond the expectations of the traditional “house museum”. Now, with the City of Chandler’s expansion of the Chandler Museum facilities, a valuable opportunity has arisen to reexamine the McCullough-Price House’s role in helping share Chandler’s heritage with future generations. Join the Chandler Museum’s Administrator Jody Crago and Philip Weddle of Weddle Gilmore Black Rock Studio in a discussion about the changing nature of museums and the opportunity to leverage a historic resource in ways that promotes both the heritage, culture of today’s Arizona and the innovation and progress of tomorrow’s Arizona.

Presenter(s): Simon Herbert, Pima County Natural Resources Parks and Recreation; Richard Hornby, Canoa Ranch

Canoa Ranch is a 4,800-acre National Register property owned and operated by Pima County. Since 2005, when rehabilitation work commenced at Canoa Ranch, many of the adobe structures have been repaired and rehabilitated for public access and use. Since 2012, county staff have been responsible for continuing the maintenance cycle including the repair of adobe walls, lime plaster, and lime wash. In the last few years, staff have been experimenting with a traditional natural additive for the lime plaster in the form of juice from the prickly pear cactus. Presenters will discuss the use of cactus juice in regional adobe structures, its benefits to the building system, and experiments currently underway at Canoa Ranch. A practical demonstration showing the processing of the prickly pear cactus will also be conducted. (A two-part session)

Presenter(s): Presenter(s): Deil Lundin, Arizona Archaeological Council

This AAC-sponsored panel will discuss possible approaches to dealing with natural effects to cultural resources. Cultural resources in Arizona are subject to extreme weather conditions, which can result in compromised integrity and data loss. Natural events such as forest fires and periodic flooding can cause short- and/or long-term adverse effects. Cultural resource managers more often are tasked with assessing effects after the fact rather than helping prevent or mitigate them. Topics addressed will include what kinds of protective measures could be undertaken to lessen the severity of these natural effects? Beyond documentation, what are the responsibilities of archaeological practitioners in this process? And how can land managing agencies, consultants, and site stewards work together to address this issue? The discussion panel assembled by the AAC includes representatives from the Arizona SHPO office, CRM industry, Tribal archaeology programs, and Federal land managers. Natural processes such as fire and erosion are common elements contributing to the degradation of historic properties. As cultural resource management practitioners, it’s in our nature to look for ways to improve our methods of protection.

Presenter(s): Courtney Rose and Ian Milliken, Pima County

Spatial analysis is vital in improving how to focus different land management strategies on the wide expanse of Pima County conservation lands. Over the past 15 years, Pima County has acquired approximately 100,000 acres of conservation land. The Pima County Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan (SDCP) is a static predictive model that combines all time periods and site types together into low, moderate and high archaeological sensitivity zones in order to provide expansive and general spatial information on cultural resources in Pima County. The SDCP has been used as a basis for land management decisions and has been the foundation for all predictive cultural resources modeling to date. A newly designed Geographic Information Systems (GIS) model is currently enabling Pima County to expand upon the SDCP model for the development of a more refined database in order to identify previously unsurveyed areas that may have specific management needs as related to cultural resource sensitivity. This session will present how an analysis of two sample conservation land areas can help predict the potential for both archaeological sites and sensitivity among different time periods, cultures, and site types and create efficient land management strategies to better conserve cultural resources.

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